is the outer shell of the Willow tree. It has been consumed medicinally by ancient Greek and Egyptian physicians for centuries. In 1829, scientists discovered its active ingredient salicin which has similar health effects as acetylsalicylic acid (aspirin). Studies suggest that the analgesic and anti-inflammatory activity of White Willow Bark shows its effects slowly but the effects may last longer than aspirin without the negative side effects. The salicin in White Willow Bark is converted into salicylic acid after it is absorbed by the stomach, therefore, it may not cause stomach irritation like aspirin and can be a great option for treating minor to severe ailments. Other studies and researches identify that White Willow Bark has anti-inflammatory, analgesic, and immune-boosting capability. Therefore, it has been used in the treatment of a number of minor to severe ailments such as headaches, toothaches, backaches, osteoarthritis, PMS, menstrual cramps, muscular pains and strains, cardiovascular disorders, cuts, wounds, burns, colds, flu, and inflammatory disorders, i.e. bursitis, arthritis, painful articular (joint) conditions, carpal tunnel syndrome, and tendinitis. Due to its nutritional and healing properties, many European countries (Germany, France, and England) have approved White Willow Bark for pain. Also, its extract has been approved by the European Scientific Cooperative on Phytotherapy (ESCOP) to be used in the treatment of mild rheumatic disorders, pain, and fever.